National Day in Vietnam, or Independence Day, is celebrated on September 2nd and marks the declaration of independence and the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. It is a significant holiday that symbolizes the country’s sovereignty and independence. On this day, various patriotic events and festivities take place throughout Vietnam to commemorate the nation’s history and honor its achievements.
The history behind Vietnam’s Independence Day
For nearly a century, Vietnam had been under colonial rule. The country was initially under French colonial control, known as French Indochina, and later occupied by the Japanese during World War II.
On September 2nd, 1945, just days after the end of World War II, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence in Hanoi, proclaiming the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. This declaration marked Vietnam’s intent to break free from colonial rule and determine its own destiny.
The declaration of independence by Ho Chi Minh and the subsequent establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam marked the beginning of a long and challenging struggle for independence. The Vietnamese people fought against French colonial forces and later against American intervention in the Vietnam War, eventually leading to the reunification of Vietnam.
What to expect of the celebrations of National Day in Vietnam
National Day is a time when the spirit of patriotism and national pride is celebrated throughout Vietnam. It often begins with flag-raising ceremonies and the singing of the national anthem. These events symbolize unity and honor the country’s independence.
During National Day, you will see an abundance of Vietnamese flags and national symbols proudly displayed across the country. Every house, shop and hotel will hang a flag outside.
An annual march takes place on Ba Dinh Square, the historic location where Ho Chi Minh read the declaration of independence. In other major cities you can also find colorful parades, with marching bands, traditional costumes, and performances by various groups and organizations. Firework shows can be found often in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, but get sometimes replaced by light shows.