Vietnamese (tiếng Việt) is the national and official language of Vietnam and is spoken by a large majority of the population. It is also one of the few languages ​​in Asia that uses the Latin alphabet instead of symbols. This makes it a lot easier to interpret street signs and even learn to speak in Vietnamese.

Do they also speak English in Vietnam?

In major cities and tourist areas in the south, communicating in English is becoming increasingly easy as Vietnam is becoming increasingly touristy. Due to high demand, the government has set up programs to improve English-language lessons in schools. However, if you plan to go to smaller cities or rural areas, it may be useful to know at least one Vietnamese basis.

In the south, where the inhabitants have often worked for the Americans in the past, knowledge of English is the best. Assume that most older Vietnamese cannot speak a word of English. Young people in particular can speak better English. Although some of them are shy towards foreigners, they will be happy to help you if you get lost and ask for directions. Some others would like to talk to you because that helps them improve their communication in the English language. Hotels, restaurants in tourist areas most Vietnamese also speak English.

Greetings in Vietnamese

How you greet and then speak to someone in Vietnam depends very much on their gender, and on their age and social status compared to yours. As a general rule of thumb, if you address a man as b, and a woman as b, you can be sure that you are not rude. If you find yourself in a conversation, formal or informal, with someone of your estimated age, you can use anh (for a man) and chi (for a woman).

Pronunciation

The difficulty of the Vietnamese language is in the pronunciation. It is a tonal language with single-syllable words. Each syllable can be pronounced at six different pitches: toneless, ascending, rapidly descending, slowly descending, floating or interrupted. Characters above the letters indicate the pitch. By varying the pitch a word can have six different meanings and an erroneous pronunciation quickly leads to confusion.

Travel Dictionary Dutch – Vietnamese

General talk

English Vietnamees Pronunciation
Hello Xin chào Xin-chao
Bye Tạm biệt Tam-biet
How are you? Bạn khỏe không Ban-ko-khe-khong
Nice to meet you Rất vui được gặp bạn Rat-vui-duoc-gab-ban
Doing well, thanks/td> Cảm ơn, tôi khỏe Kam-own, toi-khe
Do you speak English? Bạn có thể nói tiếng Anh không? Ban-ko-noi-duok-tien-eng-kong
What’s your name? Tên bạn bạn là gì Ten-ban-la-zee
I’m from … Tôi đến từ… Toi-den-tu…
My name is… Tên tôi là… Ten-toi-la…
Do you understand? Bạn có hiểu không? Ban-ko-hiew-kong
I do not understand Tôi không hiểu Toi-kong-hiew
Yes Vâng Vang
No Không Kong
Help! Cứu! Kiu
Thank you Cảm ơn Kam-own
What? Cái gì? Kai-ge
How much? Bao nhiêu? Baow-nhiu
Which? Cái nào? Cai-now
Where? Ở đâu? Ow-dau
When? Khi nào? Khi-now
I do not like it Tôi không thích nó Toi-kong-thik-no
I like it Tôi thích nó Toi-thik-no

Food and drink

English Vietnamese Pronunciation
Fish Ka
Shrimps Tôm Tom
Shellfish So
Rice Cơm Kom
Meat Thịt Theed
Beef Thịt bò Theed-bo
Chicken Thịt gà Theed-ga
Egg Trứng Trung
Duck Thịt vịt Theed-vid
Pork Thịt lợn Theed-lon
Lamb Thịt cừu Theed-kiu
Seafood Hải sản Hai-san
Coffee Cà phê Café
Tea Trà Traj
Water Nước Nuok
Breakfast Ăn sáng An-sang
Lunch Ăn trưa An-trua
Diner Ăn tối An-toi
Chopsticks Đũa Dua
Fork Nĩa Nia
Knife Dao Daow
Spoon Thìa Thia
Glas Cốc Coke
I’m full Tôi no rồi Toi-no-roi
Very tasty! Rất ngon! Rat-ngon
Can I have the menu? Làm ơn cho tôi thực đơn? Lam-own-cho-toi-thuk-dern
Can I have the menu in English? Bạn có thực đơn bằng tiếng Anh không? Ban-ko-thuk-dern-bang-tieng-Anh-kong
May I have the bill? Làm ơn cho tôi hoá đơn? Lam-own-cho-toi-hoa-dern
Restaurant Nhà hàng Nha-hang

Ask for directions

English Vietnamese Pronunciation
I no longer have gas Tôi bị hết xăng Toi-bi-het-xang
I am lost, please help me Tôi bị lac, làm ơn giúp Toi-bi-lak, lam-own-giup
Waar is ….? Ở đâu là…? Ow-dau-la
How far is it? Nó xa bao nhiêu? No-xa-baow-nhiew
Go straight ahead Đi thẳng Di-thang
Left Trái Trai
Right Phải Phai
It is an emergency Đây là một trường hợp khẩn cấp day-la-mod-truong-hop-khan-cap
Where is the nearest police station? Đồn cảnh sát gần nhất ở đâu? Don-canh-sat-gan-nhat-ow-dau
Please help me Làm ơn giúp tôi Lam-on-giup-toi
Where is the hospital? Bệnh viện ở đâu? Benh-vien-ow-dau
I need a doctor? Tôi cần một bác sĩ Toi-kan-mod-bac-si
Police station Đồn cảnh sát Don-canh-sat
Market Chợ Cho
Hotel Khách sạn Khach-san
ATM Máy rút tiền May-rud-tien